When you encounter the tệp tin or directory is corrupted & unreadable, you may use feasible ways to lớn solve the problem quickly.

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Workable SolutionsStep-by-step Troubleshooting
Use Partition ManagerUse the "Cheông chồng File System" feature of partition management software to repair disk problems, such as lost clusters, cross-linked files, directory errors...Full steps
Run CHKDSK in Command PromptCHKDSK commvà checks the tệp tin system và file system metadata of a volume for logical and physical errors. Run CHKDSK in CMD...Full steps
Format the Hard Drive sầu PartitionFormatting the problematic hard drive can effectively fix the tệp tin or directory is corrupted and unreadable issue. But restore files on the hard drive sầu to avoid data loss...Full steps

The File or Directory Is Corrupted và Unreadable Symptoms 

Sometimes, when you plugged in an external hard drive, USB flash drive sầu, SD thẻ, or some other storage devices into lớn your computer runs Windows 10/8/7/XP/Vista or some other previous versions, Windows prompts an error message: "Drive sầu H: is not accessible. The file or directory is corrupted và unreadable.".


Here are some symptoms of the file or directory is corrupted" & unreadable error:

"H: is not accessible" error message pops up when you try lớn open a storage device on Windows PC. (H represents the drive sầu letter of your inaccessible storage device.)

If you don"t solve the problem timely when the file or directory is corrupted and unreadable, your data will most likely be lost. Rest assured, you can learn how lớn fix the error on Windows 10 with simple solutions here. Let"s bởi vì it together. 

Repair Disk Errors or Corrupted File System to lớn Fix The File or Directory Is Corrupted và Unreadable Error

Checking disk errors và repairing corrupted tệp tin systems can solve sầu the file directory is corrupted và unreadable error caused by bad sectors and file system corruption. To vì chưng so, two tried-and-true methods are available here. 

1. Use Partition Management Software 

To kiểm tra and repair the corrupted file system và a hard drive sầu, the simplest way is to use Partition Master - a simple-to-use partition tool specializing in organizing your hard drive and optimizing disk partitions to extover your computer"s life và capableness. partition manager has a "Check File System" feature khổng lồ help fix the tệp tin or directory is corrupted & unreadable issue. 

Convert a logical partition to lớn primary or primary partition to logical, FAT to NTFS partition, MBR disk to lớn GPT, or GPT disk lớn MBR
Free DownloadWindows 11/10/8/7

Step 1. Open Partition Master on your computer. Then, locate the disk, right-cliông chồng the partition you want to lớn kiểm tra, & choose "Advaned" > "Chechồng File System".


Step 2. In the Chechồng File System window, keep the "Try to fix errors if found" option selected & click "Start".


Step 3. The software will begin checking your partition tệp tin system on your disk. When it complets, cliông xã "Finish".


2. Use CHKDSK Tool in CMD

You also can run the CHKDSK tool in Comm& Prompt khổng lồ kiểm tra and repair the corrupted tệp tin system. In some special cases, CHKDSK might not work as well as expected. Or, if you"re new to the computer and afraid khổng lồ use the comm& line, you can resort to lớn the partition manager to lớn vày the job in simple clicks. 

Step 1. Click Search > type command prompt.

Step 2. Right-clichồng on Comm& Prompt and select "Run as Administrator".

Step 3.

Xem thêm:

Enter the below command: chkdsk /f h: và then press Enter. (Replace h: with the drive letter of your unreadable disk or drive sầu.)


Format Disk lớn Solve The File or Directory Is Corrupted and Unreadable Issue

If a disk check doesn"t work, you can try to lớn format your external hard drive or USB drive sầu to solve sầu the issue. Format configures hard disk with a new file system, after which the corrupted or damaged tệp tin system will be replaced. 

However, as we all know, the disk format will definitely cause data loss. Therefore, to lớn settle the tệp tin directory is corrupted & unreadable issue without any data loss, we highly recommend you recover your data from your hard drive sầu before format.

Recover Data from Unreadable Hard Disk First 

Download & use free data recovery software to lớn recover data from external hard drive, USB flash drive sầu, SD thẻ, & more devices with only 3 steps.

Step 1. Run Data Recovery Wizard, choose the external hard drive or USB drive sầu where you lost data. Click the "Scan" button to find files.

Step 2. The software will start immediately khổng lồ scan all over the selected drive sầu for all lost data. During the scan, you could see more và more data showing up in the results.

Step 3. After the scan is over, you can preview the tệp tin by double-clicking on it. Clichồng "Recover" và choose another location lớn save sầu the recovered data.

Format the Unreadable Hard Drive 

After data recovery, you can begin to format the inaccessible hard drive sầu. You can format the hard drive sầu in Disk Management or using Partition Master. 

Windows Disk Management doesn"t allow you to lớn create/format a partition khổng lồ FAT32 when the partition kích cỡ is larger than 32GB. What if you want to lớn format your hard disk partitions khổng lồ the FAT32 file system for use on PS4? Use Partition Master, which can help you vì it without limitation. 

Right-cliông chồng the external drive or USB you intend to lớn format và choose "Format".Set the Partition label, File system (NTFS/FAT32/EXT2/EXT3/EXT4), và Cluster kích cỡ, then cliông chồng "OK".Cliông xã "OK" to lớn continue.Clichồng the "Exedễ thương Operation" button and clichồng "Apply" lớn format the hard drive partition.

The File or Directory Is Corrupted và Unreadable Causes 

We provide detailed information for users who want khổng lồ figure out why the tệp tin or directory is corrupted và unreadable error happens. Here we list 4 common reasons. We hope it is helpful, và you can take caution with awareness lớn avoid this error. 

Cause 1. MFT or FAT Corruption 

MFT is short for Master File Table & is included in the NTFS file system, containing all the information, including file form size, creation time, and access permissions. Like MFT, FAT (File Allocation Table) is included in the FAT tệp tin system. It tells the operating system where the file is stored. Thus, FAT or Master File Table corrupted error will disallow the system access data from the NTFS or FAT partitions.

Cause 2. Virus or Malware Attack

When your computers, USB flash drive sầu, memory thẻ get infected with a virut, the tệp tin system might be corrupted and show the file or directory is corrupted and unreadable error. 

Cause 3. Physical Damage

Hard drive sầu, USB, flash drive sầu, or memory thẻ can be corrupted due khổng lồ bad sectors or physical damage, which will cause your device khổng lồ no longer accessible or writable. 

Partition information such as tệp tin system is usually saved in a specific location. If this location includes bad sectors, then the operating system will fail to access data. Then you"ll get the tệp tin or directory is corrupted or unreadable error message.

Cause 4. Unplug USB Without Using Safely Remove sầu Option

If you unplug a removable disk from the computer without using "Safely Remove" while the drive is transferring or reading data, you will risk losing vital files system information. This is one of the most comtháng reasons for the file or directory is corrupted or unreadable error.


It can be nettlesome when your hard drive has the file or directory is corrupted and unreadable problem, as it prevents you from accessing your hard drive sầu & read the data. The issue can occur due to the causes mentioned above sầu.

You can fix the file or directory is corrupted issue by performing disk error repair or hard drive sầu partition formatting. And Partition Master can help you resolve the problem with the easiest solutions. 

Useful Tips for Protecting USB Drive sầu from Damage/Corruption 

Handle your USB drive with care lớn avoid physical damageDisinfect the disk regularly lớn prsự kiện virus attacks that can lead to partition no accessible errorRemove your external hard drive sầu properly after each use lớn avoid corrupting caused by improper operationAlways baông chồng up important files on your USB driveBe sure to lớn recover data before formatting your USB drive to lớn avoid data loss